I am honored to be leading a workshop at our National Conference. The topic is
“The Gospel as the Foundation for Racial Reconciliation”
Under-represented groups continuously cry against injustice and inequality throughout our societies. Sin is the cause of injustice and inequity. As an immigrant from Jamaica, I will begin with my own story of learning about racial injustice and inequality in the USA. We will seek to lay out a pattern for racial reconciliation and justice based on our dependence on God’s Word. First, we will look at the issue by addressing the:
A pattern of racial reconciliation in the Scriptures
The rise of the inferiority myth
The black church and the backdrop of the black experience
Then we will suggest some ways to address systematic injustice and racial reconciliation by:
Addressing the Biblical Kingdom agenda
Prophetically declaring the Kingdom impact on the culture
Incorporating urban apologetics in our theological discipline
Practically addressing structural changes that are needed
No matter where we emigrate and what injustice we face, God has provided the right balance to deal with these issues. We are all made in the image of God. We are recipients of reconciliation by the Gospel of Jesus Christ. We, therefore, have the suitable characteristics to lead reconciliation.
I want to thank Damion R, Adan Coleman, Jerome Gay Jr., Toney Evans, Dr. Eric Mason, Voddie Baucham Jr., and the Urban Apologist Community for resources that served as receipts to this workshop.
Several years ago, I needed information relating to Africa’s contribution to Christianity. I also wanted to be more informed about the rise of the Black conscious community and the Black Religious Cults. Also, this was in part to counter the statement “Christianity is a white man’s religion.” I was introduced to Brother Damion, who introduced me to Tomas Oden’s book, “How Africa Shaped the Christian mind. That started my journey into unbelievable discovery and understanding.
This introduction was the tip of the spare. I later got connected with the Urban Apologetics Community (UrbanApologetics.org) and Jude 3 Project. From there, I connected with Adam Coleman. This brother is the real deal.
Thanks to everyone for your invaluable contribution to my workshop.
The gospel message is all about Jesus and what He did and is going to do. Peter summarized this in Acts 10:37-41. The commission to go and preach was given by Jesus in Acts 1 and the authority and power to preach was given in Acts 2. The revelation for mission was given in Acts 10 that laid the foundation for the selection of Paul and Barnabas in Acts 13:2 where the Holy Spirit instructed, after they were worshiping the Lord and fasting, “Dedicate Barnabas and Saul for the special work to which I have called them.” Paul later became the face of missions to the Gentile world. The gospel must be grounded in the Bible and consist of the message of Jesus’ life, work, death, resurrection, ascension, and promised return. Those who have first received the Gospel Message must carry out this message, and the Church is the organism that has been authorized to deliver this message. The work of the Holy Spirit, as promised by Jesus in John 16:6-11, is clearly at work in the story of Peter and Cornelius. Jesus said “But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart. Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you. But if I go, I will send him to you. And when he comes, he will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: concerning sin, because they do not believe in me; concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.” The Holy Spirit was going to convict the world, in this case Cornelius. In the case of Peter, the Spirit’s ministry of guidance and revelation of truth was demonstrated. Finally, the Spirit wanted Peter to present Jesus to Cornelius. This ministry of representation, according to John, is demonstrated through us who represent Christ here on earth.
We understand that the gospel message is sent to the world, not just to one group of people. Matthew 28:20 said, “go into all the world” and in Acts 1 it gave more detail as to the meaning of the world: “And you will be my witnesses, telling people about me everywhere—in Jerusalem, throughout Judea, in Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.” Again we see the Holy Spirit taking the lead in first equipping the messengers before they were sent. Those in Jerusalem on the Day of Pentecost were anointed by the Holy Spirit and sent to bring the Gospel message. They sometimes struggled with the fact that many were accepting this message, but that did not stop the spread of the Gospel. Peter was one who struggled with seeing the world outside of Jerusalem and the Jewish context.
The Holy Spirit however, gave him a lesson; this lesson was that God is impartial and all need the Gospel. As the Holy Spirit taught Peter, we need to listen to the voice of the Holy Spirit speaking to our hearts on this matter as stated in Acts 10:15, “Do not call anything impure that God has made clean.” We are to be willing to take the gospel message to the world, and have no exception. Once Peter understood the message, he was able to go into Cornelius’ home and present the gospel and fellowshipped. This was a remarkable accomplishment, a Jew not only going into a Gentile’s home, but he was staying for a while and eating with them. The food was not declared clean by Mosaic Law but by the fulfillment of the Laws through Jesus Christ. He was truly a missionary. A missionary is simply a messenger, bringing the good news of salvation through Jesus Christ. As we endeavor to bring the gospel and assume the mantle of a missionary, there must be an understanding of contextualization of the gospel, wherein the message does not change, but the application of the message in the local context will vary. This is true of Paul in Acts 17 when he spoke to the Athenians about their monument to the unknown God. Paul used their context and presented the Gospel. In the July 2010 Christianity Today issue in the article, “Love where you live”, J. R. Kerr said, “A city gets transformed when neighborhoods marked by the gospel are redeemed. To do that, we need to stay 20 or 30 years.” This missionary enterprise is an investment, or a life commitment.
 Collin Hasen, “Love Where You Live” Christianity Today, July 2010, 36.
The church is faced with a challenge, this challenge will determine the kind of church that we will have in the future. The ability to speak into the next generation is crucial and the challenge we face. It is hinged on the relationship between the “now” generation and the “next” generation as demonstrated between Eli and Samuel.
It is even more crucial in this transition because the current generation is facing serious challenges and they are living in a fast pace informational time. We call them the Millennials those 35 and younger. The most important group in this generation is grouped between 18-35. As David Kinnaman, and Aly Hawkins said in the book, You lost me, “The story –the great struggle-of this emerging generation is learning how to live faithfully in a new context, to be in the world but not of the world.” This generation he contends, is about doing their faith not just hearing their faith or doctrine; it is about faith in action. The important thing that the older generation must accept is a new mind as Kinnaman, Hawkins stated, “Christian community needs a new mind to pass on the faith to this culture and future generation”. We can still speak into the next generation; the door is not yet closed.
So here is the challenges; how can the now generation speak into the next generation? Are the Millinnaials willing to hear from their predecessors? We turn to the Bible for answers to these questions. I will tell you the story of a boy that became a man and had a tremendous impact on the course of history. This was possible because he had a relationship with is parents and guardians. In the book of Samuel we find a man, a prophet and a priest selecting and anointing the first and second kings of Israel. David the second king of Israel became the symbolic forefather of Jesus Christ. To this day, David remains the greatest leader in all the history of Israel. His life was ministered and poured into by this little boy that became a man, a prophet and a priest.
How did this happened?
Let us step back into time into the 1st & 2nd chapters of Samuel. The parents of Samuel were God-fearing parents (Elkanah & Hannah). They practiced their faith, in particularly Hannah, Samuel’s mother. Her faith in God was unshaken even when Eli, the priest, in charge of the temple worship did not understand or recognized her earnest prayer. She kept on praying and interceding year after of year. Her request was her simply request, Lord I need a child and if you give me this child I will give him back to you.
Parents and guardians must practice what they preach and teach. They must remember their vow to God. Their fulfillment of this vow or pledge will have an impact on the next generation. When Hannah’s prayer was answered she remembered her vow and brought little Samuel back to the priest, Eli, so he could raise him in the service to God. We should not hold back our service to God through the church because leaders are not living right; we are serving God not the leaders.
Let us concentrate on the 3rd chapter of 1 Samuel. The church has been witnessing a mass exodus from its pews of those between 18-35 years old. The transition between the now and next generation, as we will see in Samuel’s life, was crucial. The relationship between those in charge and those that will be in charge is critical. Understanding this relationship, I believe, will help us to be more effective in the ministries of the church. Bridging this gap is fundamental to speaking into the next generation. Let us focus on the two main characters in this chapter, chapter 3, Samuel and Eli. The next generation must listen (hear and do); they must pay close attention to what is being transmitted (hear) and they must follow these Godly instructions carefully (do).
The now generation is represented by Eli. Here are four (4) things that the Eli Generation should consider as they endeavor to speak into the lives of the Samuels’Generation.
The Eli Generation must not cover up the bad behaviors of their children, (1 Samuel 1:3 & 3:11-14). Eli knew of the bad behaviors of his children and did not corrected them. He allowed them to defile the temple and God was not pleased with this behavior. One might wonder what it would be like if those two boys were mentored properly by Eli. Here we see that Eli was no able to effectively minister into the lives of Hophni and Phinehas. Parents and leaders should not cover up the bad behaviors of your children. Some parents sacrifice the ability to directly speak into the future of their children for the opportunity to be liked. This is a lie from the pit of hell. You are only damaging your children’s future. Parents if you see and know of bad behaviors speak up do not keep quiet. God will hold you accountable for your inactions. In verse 13 and 14 God spoke to Samuel about what he was going to do to Eli and his family because of his sin of inaction. Parents you have a responsibility to speak into the next generation do not avocate your responsibility.
The Eli Generation should recognize that there is always a second chance, (verse 1-3). 1 Samuel 1:1, samuel said that, “The boy Samuel was serving God under Eli’s direction. This was at a time when the revelation of God was rarely heard or seen. One night Eli was sound asleep (his eyesight was very bad—he could hardly see). It was well before dawn; the sanctuary lamp was still burning. Samuel was still in bed in the Temple of God, where the Chest of God rested.”If you have messed up in the past by not speaking into the lives of some of your children you still have a second chance. Even if you are old and have began to loose some of your strength as long as you have life you can speak into the lives of the next generation. The caution here is that inaction or turning a blind eye can cause spiritual decline. Even thought Eli had failed at speaking into the lives of his sons the Bible said that Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli. Samuel provided another opportunity for Eli to speak into the lives of the next generation. As leaders of the church we must allow room for the younger generation to minister unto God. Recognize the opportunity we have been presented with to speak into the lives of the next generation. We can walk along side them and help them to serve God.
The Eli Generation should be sensitive to the leading of the Holy Spirit in the lives of the Samuel generation, (verse 4-10). This is a crucial time in the lives of the next generation. It requires the older generation to accept the changing of the guard. We have to understand that God is at work and his grand plan has you and I working at different time and place. We have to recognize when it is time to past the baton to the next generation. The fact that Eli a man of God, old, and seasoned could not understand the call of God on Samuel’s life, not one time but twice, is a serous revelation. Leaders and parents we must prepare our lives in order to hear and discern when God is leading and calling the next generation. It might be that what God has hidden from you He is now ready to reveal it to the youths.Jesus said in Luke 10:21, “In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.” We have a glorious opportunity to help the Samuel Generation discern the leading of the Holy Spirit in their lives. We who are familiar with the voice of God must make it our duty to help others discern the voice of God in their lives.
The Eli Generation should Recognize God’s call on the person’s life, (verse 9-10). As the Holy Spirit is speaking there is a call of appointment on that life. Our responsibility is to help the next generation discern the call of God on their lives. We have little time and it is imperative that we waste no time in helping the next generation answer the call of God on their lives. What is God leading them into is the question to answer? Help them discern the call of God on their lives. Samuel sought and received the instructions because he “did not yet know the Lord, and the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him.” After two times of failure Eli was able to discern that it was God that was calling Samuel. His instructions were clearer go and lie down and if you hear the call again this time answer, “Speak, Lord, for your servant hears.” What a joy to know that you have walked beside a Samuel and help them discern the call of God on their lives and see them live out such call. This is one of the most important responsibilities of the Eli Generatiuon.
Samuel represents the next generation. Here are four (4) things that the Samuel generation should consider as they endeavor to walk into their calling and take over leadership of the church.
The Samuel Generation must Serve faithfully in the church, (verse 1), regardless of the failures of the now generation. While Eli was busy covering up for his boys, Samuel was serving in the temple. He must have seen what Hophni and Phinehas were doing but he did not succumb to that presser. The Bible said he ministered unto the Lord before Eli. It is key as you serve to recognize that you are serving God first and that those in authority are second. Therefore it does not matter what those in authority are doing. Even if they are sinning you should not give up on your service unto God. God might be calling you to reveal to you his plan for the future. He has a work for you to do. There are lives awaiting your prophetic words. The anointing you carry is for a greater impact on history. It is often sad to hear of people leaving the church because they were offended by what others did. They gave up their relationship with God because of others. Do not let anyone or anything stop you from serving and from walking into your calling. Young people, Samuel, you have a responsibility to prepare yourself for the future. Do not stop serving God regardless of who is not working and doing the right thing. Your life has been ordained for this time so that the Glory of God will be seen.
The Samuel Generation should seek counsel from the older generation, (verse 4-10). You have a glorious opportunity to get counsel from those that have past your way before. Do not despised the older generation because they might not readily accept your way of doing church. Seek their counsel because they too had to deal with similar issues like you are now facing. The Bible said in 1 Samuel 3 verse 7, “Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord, and the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him.” As much as you have been serving in the church there are certain things you have not yet learn. Do not think that because you are more educated and fluent in the technology of the time that you do not have time for the older more mature generation. The issues you face has embedded in them certain principles that are evident in every generation. Those Elis that have past where you are can speak with more authority because of their experiences. The wise man Solomon can teach us a few things on this matter. Even the Apostle Paul in his instruction to Timothy and the Early Church admonished them to develop a relationship between the older and younger generations (Titus 2 & 1Timothy 3). You might be serving but you might not have full understood of discerning the call of God. Let those that are mature in the Lord help you discern the call of God on your life. It is even more imperative to be able to discern God’s call in this generation. So many false prophets are risen up and are confusing and clouding the voice of God. Samuel you need the tutelage of the Eli generation. Making the distinction between the voice of God and that of the world is crucial therefore seek the advice of those that are mature in the Lord. Do not turn your back on the adults because you are aware of their past. Listen to the wisdom and learn from it.
Samuel should always Recognized your potential. Wrapped up in all of us is a level of potential to do Gods’ work. As you serve in the church you will begin to understand and discern what are the gifts that God has given to you. Do not allow external sources that you do not have control of control you and limit your potential. There are Saul and David to be anointed. There are many people waiting to hear from you what God has to say. There are many lives that you will impact. You are a bungle of potentiality. People will fail, leaders will fail, friends will fail, families will fail and your finances will fail but for heavens’ sake you must keep going on walk into your calling. You can do all things, through Christ who strengthen you, (Philippians. 4:13)
The Samuel Generation must be honest and speak, as God will let you. No matter how harsh the truth, the truth must be spoken. God is preparing you to be bold. Eli was able to lead Samuel into identifying the voice of God and to ultimately speak the truth regardless of the circumstances. It was this training that allowed Samuel to become such an effective leader. The time you live in will witness an avalanche of people that will want you to compromise by offering position, money and prestige. They will want you to not correct them but to stand with them knowing quite well that your very presence will signify your endorsement of their behaviors. When it was time to face the great king Saul and to look him in the eyes and tell him the harsh truth about his demise, Samuel did not relent. I cannot help but think that the morning after Samuel’s revelation and Eli’s willingness to hear from the young boy helped developed his character. Samuel, understand that God has put you in place to clean up the mess of the Eli Generation. He is not looking for a compromiser like Eli; he is looking for a truth teller. Samuel you have seen first hand what happens to those that fail in their responsibilities and now you can learn from those experiences without going through them yourself.
I conclude with these two reminders. In order for the Eli Generation to impact and speak into the lives of the Samuel Generation it is imperative that they develop a relationship. The common thread in this story was that there was a relationship between the older graying priest and the younger boy; the now and the next generation. Samuel could feel okay with approaching Eli with questions and Eli was able to speak into his situation. It was that relationship that allows Samuel to follow the instructions of Eli. Both generations must make it a priority to develop a relationship between them. Dallas Willard, author of Knowing Christ Today, said “we must connect spiritual wisdom with real-world knowledge and teach through experience, reason and authority if we are going to pass on the values and principles to the next generation”. While there is an effort to classify groups of people around birth year I believe that what we should be focusing on are the principles that can impact any generational transition. Kinnaman, Hawkins said in their book, You lost me, All is not lost, they said, the ‘Millennaials’ (Samuels) are looking more to historical forms of their faith and the younger generation needs the older generations to help them identify the voices of God like Eli and Samuel. It is about helping fewer people go deeper in their faith rather than mass evangelism.
 David Kinnaman, and Aly Hawkins. You lost me: why young Christians are leaving church– and rethinking faith. Grand Rapids, Mich.: BakerBooks, 2011, Kindle location 128.
 Kinnaman, Hawkins. You lost me, Location 3432.
 Eugene H. Peterson, The Message : The Bible in Contemporary Language (Colorado Springs, Colo.: NavPress, 2002), 1 Sa 3:1–3.
The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton: Standard Bible Society, 2001), 1 Sa 3:7.
The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton: Standard Bible Society, 2001), 1 Sa 3:9.
The Holy Bible: English Standard Version (Wheaton: Standard Bible Society, 2001), 1 Sa 3:7.
As the Church develops a comprehensive and practical understanding of missions, this will propel Christians to act out their missional call. For example, this message of hope and salvation through Jesus Christ transforms not only Cornelius, but his entire family, and Peter as well, as stated in Acts 10. God was the underlying connection between Peter and Cornelius. God is both sending the seeker, Cornelius, and preparing the messenger, Peter the missionary, the disciple. This circle of missions is the thrust of the project; it begins with the call of the Church and then the commissioning of the church. As the Church carries the gospel to the world the Church is being transformed and then is re-commissioned.
Refocusing the mindset and view of missions requires change. In order to foster a new paradigm we must deal with the issue of change within the Church with regards to the understanding of missions. How does understanding the theology of change contributed to this process? Theology of change refers to the understanding of all aspects of change and the philosophy that is buried in this word “change”. We have to consider several aspects of change but will maintain as the foundation, what I term, the Circle of Missions. This involves looking at the community where the work of missions is carried out, the congregation where training is done and the core (people) that is doing the work of missions. Change is the agent that gets one from one quadrant to the next, form community to the core.
While there are many stories of individuals throughout Church history that have demonstrated a holistic approach to missions; our time is not void of individuals that are continuing this process. These individuals are demonstrating in practical ways the Biblical understanding of missions and the Kingdom of God. They are from different backgrounds and operate in different parts of our culture but are stirred by the Holy Spirit to carry out God’s mission. Lives are being transformed and the Kingdom is expanding. The application of Biblical missions will result in transformation, growth, and will bring glory to the name of God.
The Church must take the lead in being holistic in its approach to mission. Fulfilling the call of mission requires the Church to approach this call from a holistic point of view. The Church has done an excellent job in preparing people for the afterlife; but one of the areas in which we are lagging behind is preparing the church for end of life experiences and even traumatic experiences. In order to address these issues adequately there has to be a deliberate effort taken to look at the religious structures and spiritual practices at work in the context of the community the church is ministering. I believe issues of death and dying, euthanasia and Advance Directives as discussed by Dr. Martha Jacobs in her book a Clergy Guide To End Of Life Issues is important as it relates to missions.
 For an informed discussion on end of life issues and information to assist the pastor in educating the church read Martha A Jacobs book, Clergy Guide to End-Of-Life Issues, (Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 2010), 17.
David Kinnaman, and Aly Hawkins. You lost me: why young Christians are leaving church– and rethinking faith. Grand Rapids, Mich.: BakerBooks, 2011.
This is a must read for Senior Pastors, Youth Pastors and anyone that works with youths. You Lost Me is a frank look at the reality of the church and the relationship with the Millennials or Mosaics (youths under 35), particularly those who are 18 to 35. These youths were basically born between the 80s to now. This is an inside look at the struggles of the next generations of Christians. Kinnaman and Hawkins stated, “The story –the great struggle-of this emerging generation is learning how to live faithfully in a new context, to be in the world but not of the world.” This generation they contends, is about doing their faith not just hearing their faith or doctrine; it is about faith in action.
Here is the new paradigm, discipleship is not about mass production but it is about relationship, it is about building disciples one person at a time. Kinnaman and Hawkins identify three kinds of young Christian dropouts; “NOMADS are those youths that walked away from church engagements but still consider themselves Christians, PRODIGALS are those youths that have lost their faith and are describing themselves as no longer Christians, and EXILES are those youths that are still invested in their Christian faith but feel struck between their culture and the church.”He challenges the church to rethink its approach to disciple making focusing on building relationships, vocation (calling) and to help the ‘Mosaic’ value wisdom over information.
There is an abundant of information but little ‘know how’ to wisely apply this knowledge. Kinnaman and Hawkins also posited that the church is facing a shift or major shifts regardless of our age or generation. They continued to talk about the fast-pace changes that are being led by the fast-pace and volume of information that is present and available by a click of the mouse. The next generation, they argued, is living in a new and fast technological, social and spiritual reality; three words, access, alienation and authority can characterize this reality. Access involves this digital age, downloadable books, direct TV, Internet, tablets and PDAs. Alienation includes the breakdown of the family with absent fathers, the transition to adulthood by the Millennials, and skepticism of institution and Authority surrounds the changing spiritual narrative in North America.
Social media has shown a different view regarding authority. They do not think music downloads and file sharing over the Internet is wrong as long as you are not profiting from it. The influence of the Bible is still to be decided, many are trying to sort between what they are told in the mass media and what the church is teaching. They have not yet separated their values from the Busters’ generation. The Busters are still deciding the role of Christianity on the culture. Kinnaman and Hawkins said, “the digital revolution, endemic social change, and shifting narrative of faith in our culture have deeply affected the cognitive and emotional process of “encoding” faith. Many Millennials are seeking authority outside of the conventional Christian forms.
All is not lost, they said, the ‘Millennaials’ are looking more to historical forms of their faith and the younger generation needs the older generations to help them identify the voices of God like Eli and Samuel. It is about helping fewer people go deeper in their faith rather than mass evangelism. They quoted Dallas Willard, author of Knowing Christ Today, that “we must connect spiritual wisdom with real-world knowledge and teach through experience, reason and authority if we are going to pass on the values and principles to the next generation”. These principles can be applied in all areas of our time, sexual relations, job, family and social environments. Kinnaman and Hawkins posited that sexuality is a major point of contention in the new environment. The good news, they concluded, is that the Millinnaials are open to the historical values of our Christian faith. The important thing that the older generation must accept is a new mind as Kinnaman and Hawkins stated, “Christian community needs a new mind to pass on the faith to this culture and future generation”. We can still speak into the next generation; the door is not yet closed.
 Here is the generational division as describe by Kinnaman and Hawkins; Millennials (18-27), Busters (28-46)(Gen Y), Boomers (47-65), Elders (66+).
 David Kinnaman, and Aly Hawkins. You lost me: why young Christians are leaving church– and rethinking faith. Grand Rapids, Mich.: BakerBooks, 2011, Kindle location 128.
The fundamental principle of our Christian calling is LOVE. This love is one that brings us into a right relationship with God through Jesus Christ our Lord and Savor. This is not an abstract love rather it is a practical love. To truly love, we have to first experience the love of God. This now holds us to a higher level of our calling. This is greater that our consciences and motivations. Since as Dr. Mohler stated that one would not know oneself to a level that you separate yourself from our motivations. This idea says that the judge or the politician cannot ignore his religious and non-religious worldview and make decisions in an abstract way. John laid it out this out in 1 John 3:20 & 21, “Even if we feel guilty, God is greater than our feelings, and he knows everything. Dear friends, if we don’t feel guilty, we can come to God with bold confidence.” Therefore, the call of love is greater than our own desire. This call has to respond to the demand of God to love God and our neighbors.
It is this higher calling that requires us to love. This love is demonstrated in our daily acts, loving God by keeping his commandments. Jesus said that the greatest commandment is this, Matt. 22:37-39, Jesus replied, “You must love the LORD your God with all your heart, all your soul, and all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. A second is equally important: Love your neighbor as yourself.” If we truly love God then our actions are filled with obedience, our lives are free from willful sinning and, we love our neighbors. I trust we can truly live up to this standard of living. Love is the foundation of our faith. Can we find someone in our community to truly love?
It is this love that will allow us to fulfill the Great Commission and practically demonstrate the Great Compassion.